racial and class exclusion

Write a response that does not exceed 500 words. Based on your understanding of the readings, answer all of the following questions.

1. What is Sassen’s definition of “global cities?”
2. What are the roles of national states and cities within the new “architecture” described by Sassen?
3. Mention at least two problems/limitations with using the concept of “global cities” that Robinson points out in her text.
4. What would be the benefits of treating cities as “ordinary cities” for sociological analysis?
Readings:
Wacquant, L. J., & Wilson, W. J. (1989). The cost of racial and class exclusion in the inner city. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 501(1), 8-25.
Massey, D. and Nancy Denton, (1993) American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass (Harvard University Press), read pp. 1-19, skim 19-42, read 42-59.

a Venus flytrap

list the complete sequence of chemical events in the closure of
a Venus flytrap. In the Venus flytrap, the enzyme expansin helps to close the trap by loosening the
____________ in the plant’s cell walls.
Once ____________ has weakened the cellulose in the walls of the leaf trap cells,
____________ rushes into the cells, expanding them and closing the trap.