DUE IN 6 HOURS!! Write about some experiences and situations in which you had to

DUE IN 6 HOURS!!
Write about some experiences and situations in which you had to apply logical concepts learned in philosophy. Should be at least two FULL pages long. It should be typed double-spaced in times new Roman font size 12. 
Please use VERY SPECIFIC terminology, define them and explain how the concept is used in every day experiences.
PLAGIARISM WILL NOT BE TOLERATED!!!!!!

best characterizes Nietzsche’s account of piety

1. Which of the following best characterizes Nietzsche’s account of piety?

  a. a monstrosity produced by the fear of truth.
  b. a quality possessed only by those of the highest rank who have a “life if God.”
  c. that which strips away the surface features and cosmetic colors behind which human hide their true countenance.
  d. a religious interpretation of existence that cures pessimism, suspicion, and fear.
  e. a sanctifying ulterior motive for living others; the motive being the promise of eternal life.

an unjustified assumption and a moral prejudice.

1. Nietzsche describes the belief that truth is worth more than appearances as

  a. a firmly held and rationally justified intuition.
  b. an unjustified assumption and a moral prejudice.
  c. the most noble goal of a “free-spirited” philosophy.
  d. essential for distinguishing true from false beliefs.
  e. what gives us the confidence to accept that the world that is relevant to humans is not a fiction.

an error of dogmatic philosophy

1. What does Nietzsche pinpoint as the most “dangerous” of all errors made, which was an error of dogmatic philosophy?

  a. The Christian dogma, promoted by priests, saints, and ascetics, that a man, Jesus of Nazareth, was also the Son of God, and hence an incarnation of God actually existing on Earth.
  b. The Socratic dictum that the unexamined life is not worth living for a man, which created a sense of guilt and self-doubt in succeeding generations.
  c. Plato’s doctrine, set out in his Theory of Forms, which conceived of a universal Form of the Good that exists in a purely spiritual or nonphysical realm of being.
  d. The rise of systematic philosophy that equates God with the universal Idea of Absolute Being, which created a wave of atheism than began overtaking most of Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries.
  e. The Cartesian insistence that there is always an “evil deceiver” ready to enter, in the form of skepticism or nihilism, into the mind and intentions of anyone who does not take the time to question his own beliefs.

accepts the misfortunes

1. Kierkegaard (through the words of his narrator, Johannes de silentio) contrasts the “knight of faith” with the “Knight of Infinite Resignation,” who he describes as easily discerned by his confidence, his boldness, and his strange yet superior character. Which of the following represents Kierkegaard’s example of the knight of faith?

  a. someone who thinks he is swimming but is only “going through the motions”
  b. a tragic, idealistic hero who accepts the misfortunes fate has dealt to him.
  c. a petit bourgeois shopkeeper, or someone like a tax-collector or accountant.
  d. a diligent maid who sits all day at her work and at night sings a beautiful song.
  e. he who is praised by priests and poets.

principles of logic.

1. Søren Kierkegaard, a Danish philosopher of the 19th century, known as the father of existentialism, was primarily concerned with

  a. advanced principles of logic.
  b. revitalizing the philosophical ideals of Socrates and classical Greece.
  c. tearing down all religious principles in favor of the abyss call “atheism.”
  d. grounding the truths of religion and philosophy in the subjective experience of the individual.
  e. All of the above.

certain truth that even the most radical skeptic an confirm

1. What does James say is an absolutely certain truth that even the most radical skeptic an confirm?

  a. The appearance of consciousness in thought and experience really exists.
  b. Systematic philosophies are superior to piecemeal knowledge claims.
  c. Truth itself does not exist.
  d. Belief and faith should have the same standards of evidence.
  e. If God does not exist for me, it does not necessarily follow that God does not exist for you.

the case of religious belief.

1. William James argues that in a case in which the truth of a particular belief depends on personal action and desire, having faith in the truth of that belief even in the absence of confirming evidence

a. shows bad judgment and lack of a scientific attitude.
b. is something to be avoided by anyone purporting to escape dupery and false beliefs.
c. is a lawful and possibly an indispensable practice in life.
d. is childish and shows a reticence to accept true responsibility on the part of the rational knowledge-seeker.
e. may be acceptable, but only in the case of religious belief.

 

our first and greatest commandments

1. According to James, what are our first and greatest commandments as would-be knowers?

  a. We must never give up on the search for empirical proof in the case of momentous or forced options.
  b. Suspend belief in all cases except for those religious beliefs that your heart compels you to follow.
  c. Believe nothing and remain in suspense forever rather than believe in something on the basis of insufficient evidence.
  d. We must follow our instincts and have faith in what we will to be true.
  e. We must know truth and avoid error.