significant trend in supply or demand that directly influences management’s pricing decisions

Management decisions about demand, supply, production, pricing and market structure are all microeconomic options and choices. It is an analysis of consumer behavior (spending), production, and how pricing relates to demand. In microeconomics, there are ongoing trends in both demand and supply that directly influence the price of a product. Select a specific industry and then identify and discuss a significant trend in supply or demand that directly influences management’s pricing decisions.

 

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Decrease in interest rates

Thanks for your initial response to the Week 3 Discussion Question. In your post, you discussed well the US central bank, the Federal Reserve (Fed)’s monetary policy by adjusting the interest rates and money supply.

 

This week, we will extend our knowledge of macroeconomics through economic growth. Among other determinants of labor productivity and economic growth, we will cover the political and legal environment, more specifically, the government’s effect on the economy through the Fed’s Monetary Policy (Week 3) and the White House’s fiscal policy (Week 4).

 

Tax and government spending are the main tools of the Congress’ and the White House’s fiscal policy. When the economy is in recession, the government will decrease taxes and increase its spending in order to boost economic growth, GDP, and create more employment. This is the expansionary fiscal policy. We will discuss the fiscal policy in detail next week.

 

During a recession, the Fed will increase the money supply and decrease interest rates so that they could increase consumption and business investment. This is the Fed’s expansionary monetary policy.

 

All other expansionary fiscal policies of Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 and the American Recovery & Reinvestment Act of 2009, including huge increases in government spending and bailout programs, in addition to the massive quantitative easing by the Federal Reserve as their expansionary monetary policy (by increasing the money supply in credit markets and keeping Federal Funds Rate near 0% (zero) for a long time, eventually recovered the economy.

 

Class,

Why does a decrease in interest rates not always lead to desired outcomes such as an extraordinary increase in GDP and employment during a recession?

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sustainable development

GDP’s components are consumption (C), business investment (I), government spending (Gs) and international trade (exports minus imports, X-M):

 

GDP=C+I+Gs+(X-M).

 

An increase in any of the four components of the GDP will raise the GDP, GDP per capita, and average living standards.

 

As we learn in this course, there are always benefits and costs to be considered in any economic process.

 

Class,

Please discuss why economists highlight sustainable development in the context of economic growth?

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Which auction rule between eBay and Amazon do you prefer?

Description

Auctions/bidding may be influenced by different rules and formats and thus their results may turn out to be significantly different. Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read Roth and Ockenfels’ article, Last-Minute Bidding and the Rules for Ending Second-Price Auctions on the Internet  (Links to an external site.) . Roth and Ockenfels discuss last-minute bidding and the rules of bidding on eBay and Amazon internet auction sites. What are the main differences between auctions on eBay and auctions on Amazon? What are the advantages and disadvantages between auctions on eBay and auctions on Amazon? Which auction rule between eBay and Amazon do you prefer? Why? Explain.

 

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International Trade Summary

Consider the following:

Tariffs are paid by the citizens of the country imposing tariffs, not by the citizens of the country producing the products upon which the tariffs are levied.
The term “trade deficits” is a misnomer. Every country’s trade is always in balance.
Trade deficits do not mean the US no longer produces anything to export. The US is the world’s second largest manufacturer and the world’s second largest exporter of manufactured goods.

Trade deficits reflect a strong economy. Trade deficits rise during economic expansions and fall during economic contractions. Unemployment falls as trade deficits rise and rises as trade deficits fall.
Imports and exports are complements, not competitors. Both are necessary and both contribute to economic growth.
Roughly one-third of all US imports and exports is trade between US multinational companies and their overseas subsidiaries.

Foreign-owned companies operating in the US number in the thousands and provide directly or indirectly jobs for more than 13 million US workers (roughly, 10% of the US workforce).
US trade deficit in goods in 2018 (as a % of GDP) was the same as it was 5, 10 and 15 years earlier.
The rise in US goods trade deficit with China has not increased the US total goods trade deficit.
There is a strong correlation between the rise in world trade and:
The rise in world GDP
The dramatic fall in the world’s extreme poverty rate
The rise in world life expectancy

Write a 700- to 1,050-word evaluation of credible economists’ unbiased opinions on the benefits, costs, and results of current US trade and tariff policies. Complete the following in your evaluation:

Evaluate how US trade policy changes in the last 2 years affect global trade activities by multinational corporations.
Discuss credible economists’ opinions on the long-term effects of trade and tariff policies changes in the last 2 years.
Explain the effect of recent changes to trade and tariff policies have had on your employer, you, or someone you know.

Cite at least 3 academically credible sources. Use of economic data and charts is highly encouraged.

 

Format your assignment according to APA guidelines.

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Effect of choosing consumption today versus consumption in the future.

After watching the video clip from A Knight’s Tale, consider the effect of choosing consumption today versus consumption in the future. Using the PPC as a springboard for your analysis, what effect would forgoing consumption today in order to invest for tomorrow have on future production possibilities?

Now consider the choices our government faces when it has limited tax revenues to fund the unlimited wants of its citizens. Describe some of the choices the government makes between consumption today and investment for tomorrow.

 

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Do you see the growth of the gig economy as a positive or negative trend in the economy?

After the reading the Issues & Applications in your etext: Interpreting Employment Data as the Gig Economy Grows and researching online how Social Security, Medicare, and unemployment insurance are more specifically funded, please answer the following questions:

Why might the U.S. government, which funds Social Security, Medicare, and unemployment insurance programs by taxing wages, desire to find a way to reduce self-employment and inhibit the growth of the gig economy?
Do you see the growth of the gig economy as a positive or negative trend in the economy? Explain.

 

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