Important Ambiguities?

What is the issue?

Type of Issue (why?)

Conclusion?

Reasons and Justification (identify the type of evidence and the strength of that evidence)?

Important Ambiguities?

Values, Value Conflicts?

Value Assumptions?

Descriptive Assumptions?

Fallacies?

Types of Evidence?

Omitted Information?

Rival Causes?

 

Let’s See if Barbarism Truly Deters

By: Richard Moran

Capital punishment: People are being executed each month and only those who read the inside pages of newspapers know it

 

A publicly supported TV station in San Francisco, KQED, has filed a federal civil lawsuit asking for permission to televise a California execution. The request should be granted, for it would spark a national debate on the death penalty and provide a much- needed test of the deterrent effects of capital punishment.

Since 1977, when executions were resumed in the United States, 142 men and one woman have been put to death. Much attention was given to the first few executions, but news reports of executions no longer occupy a prominent place in the national media. Press coverage has become so scant that even interested scholars find it difficult to catalog the steady procession of condemned prisoners into our nation’s death chambers.

A terrible paradox has resulted. As executions have become more numerous, they have become less visible. For executions to function as a deterrent, they must be visible:

Potential criminals must know about them. The more public the execution, the more effective the deterrent. By executing condemned criminals in private, and by barring television cameras, photo equipment and tape recorders from the death chamber, we have robbed the execution ceremony of any possible deterrent value. And, in doing so we have undercut the basis of its moral justification.

Research published in 1987 by sociologist Steven Stack (then at Auburn University, now at Wayne State) suggests that a highly publicized execution is associated with an average drop nationwide of 30 homicides in the month following the execution. This appears to be good news for those who support the death penalty. But between 1950 and 1980, only 16 of the 600 executions that occurred in America were given national media coverage. Even if we eliminate the 10 years in which no one was executed (1967-77) publicized executions still average less than one a year, hardly enough to produce a deterrent effect, especially when one considers that each year there are more than 20,000 homicides in the United States.

For policy makers interested in fashioning a death penalty that saves lives, the question becomes how to increase the publicity given to executions by the national media. The answer is as disturbing as it is obvious: Make executions public once again. At a minimum, let TV broadcast executions live. We view plane crashes and auto accidents, burn victims and mutilated bodies on the evening news. Even if these acts of violence are news, the viewing of them is generally devoid of social or moral purpose. Why protect our sensibilities when it comes to state-imposed executions, especially if there is a moral lesson to be learned and a legitimate social policy goal to be achieved?

There is a shocking and even barbaric quality to KQED’s proposal: I am aware of that. But right now we have the worst of both worlds. People are being executed each month and only those who read the middle pages of our newspapers are made aware of this fact. The televising of executions would allow us to test the deterrence argument for the first time this century-to find out if the imposition of the death penalty can save the lives of innocent people by deterring potential murderers.

Televised or public executions would have two additional positive effects. First, they would ignite a much-needed national debate on the death penalty.

Second, the new information on deterrence would help us evaluate the moral foundation of the death penalty. If Stack’s research is correct and publicized executions can save lives, then this fact alters the moral equation.

We have to balance the saving of lives against the taking of lives. A 30-1 ratio of lives saved to lives taken should prove enormously persuasive to all but the most hardened opponents of capital punishment. On the other hand, if the death penalty proved not to deter, then proponents would be forced to rely on the morally questionable motives of retribution and revenge.

If we are ever to resolve the disturbing paradox of people being executed and no one being deterred, then we ought to make executions public once again. Those who believe in the deterrent value of the death penalty should welcome the chance to demonstrate it. Its opponents should welcome the opportunity to expose the death penalty for the morally bankrupt social policy it has become.

At the very least, public execution would force all of us to face directly the consequences of our decision to kill those who have killed.

 

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Body Composition

Thoroughly review the article and objectively answer the following questions:

Q1. What is the source of your article (website)
and is it credible? Please explain why or why not.

Q2. Does the background of the author influence the credibility of the
information in the article? Please explain.

Q3. Is the information in the article supported by references to proper research or by “qualified” experts? Please explain how this influences credibility.

Q4. Does there seem to be any significant form of bias presented in your article which may influence credibility of the information? Provide detail.

*Include the link to your article along with your answers to the above questions.

*Complete this assignment in Q&A format!

*Answers to questions should be concise and in your own words. Please DO NOT extensively incorporate text from the article or paraphrase from the article.

Article Link:
https://www.newswise.com/articles/exercise-is-key-to-strength-and-function-in-older-women

 

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The exercise physiology

KHS 220 – RESEARCH METHODS

ARTICLE SUMMARY

For this two-part assignment, you will choose one original research article related to your research question. You will first summarize the article in 1 page, then 1-2 sentences. The purpose of this assignment is to help you learn to write in a more concise manner. The summary must be typed using double-spaced, standard font and 1” margins. You must describe what the researchers did, what they found, and what it means. This assignment is worth 15 points and will be evaluated based on the following criteria:

1 Page Summary (10 pts)

Describe each of the following:
– The purpose of the study and any hypotheses suggested by the researchers
– Characteristics of the participants
– Methods and procedures used
– Major findings and implications

Provide a full reference for your article at the end of the paper and include in-text citations when appropriate

1-2 Sentence Summary (5 pts)

Provide a concise description of what the researchers did, what they found, and what it means

Provide a full reference for your article at the end of the paper and include in-text citations when appropriate

MY SUMMARY IS POSTED.

 

 

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Adam Clayton Powell (1989

Adam Clayton Powell (1989

Video Report: on “Adam Clayton Powell”. A video released in 1989 is best available documentary on Adam Clayton Powell–showing both political and racial aspects of his affiliation with United States and Congress.

GUIDELINES FOR VIDEO REPORT

VIDEO REPORT SHOULD INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING:
(Limit report to no more than one half page–double space)
1) Title of Video
2)Film-maker’s purpose for creating video
3) Methods/Facts Used to Achieve Main Purpose
4) Facts/Methods/Sources Omitted by Film-maker
5) Your Critique of Whether Film-maker Achieved Purpose specified in Item 1 of your report

 

 

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The whistle-blowing

Search the news for an article on whistleblowing.
Go to news.google.com
Click on the Business link along the left side
Search on the term whistleblowing
Search for a case where an insider blew the whistle on their own company
Scan some of the articles that come up until you find something interesting. Write a reflection piece of about 200-300 words based on the questions below.
Begin by describing the issue of whistleblowing in the article. Note that I’m not looking for your homework to be merely a summary of the case. You can probably summarize the issue in a couple of sentences.
According to Bok, is whistleblowing justified in this case?
At the end, copy and paste the URL of the article.

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Transforming organization to better equip leaders to manage complex organizational change

The focus of the course is to better equip leaders to manage complex organizational change. Organizational Development is a planned change discipline which helps OD practitioners and change masters to manage and cope with the consequences of large scale change. Our operating model for the case analysis will be from the perspective of the SVP of Change Delivery in partnership with other senior management leaders. The problem will be based on the course’s text reading, case studies and online in‐class learning.

The assignment is to write a business memo that provides a solution for implementation. The memo is to be directed to the CEO from you as his/her SVP of Change Delivery whom has to solve the problem.The memo will be no longer than 3 pages, and is to include three integrated components

#1 Introduction and Problem Definition,

#2 Body which includes Key Facts and Need for Change,

#3 Your Solution Recommendations, Desired Outcome and Conclusions.

To succeed the student must:

a. Clearly define the problem and the relevant issues;

b. Evaluate the issues, presenting key facts and the significant need for change;

c. Propose a recommended solution, clearly defining the desired outcomes.

 

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• On-time delivery guarantee

• Masters and PhD-level writers